The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a small joint located in front
of the ear where the skull and lower jaw meet. The temporomandibular
joint allows the lower jaw (mandible) to move. Occasionally damage
associated with the joint can occur disrupting the function of the
jaw. A multitude of factors can initiate TMJ disorders. Arthritis,
grinding of the teeth, trauma and injury to the joint are some possible
factors responsible for TMJ disorders and their symptoms.
There are a variety of symptoms associated with TMJ disorders.
Some symptoms may include earaches or headaches, and pain when opening
and closing the mouth. Patients with TMJ disorders often suffer
from an inability to open the mouth to its full potential, as well
as, clicking sounds upon opening and closing of the mouth.
Treatment for TMJ disorders may involve splint therapy, bite plate,
or night guard. Medications for pain and muscle relaxation may be
prescribed in assisting to obtain desired results. With extreme
cases surgery may become necessary. Surgery may involve either arthroscopy
or repair of damaged tissue by a direct surgical approach.
If you suffer from the symptoms of a TMJ disorder please contact
our office at your earliest convenience as delayed treatment and
diagnosis could allow for conditions to worsen and symptoms to intensify.